Bill Browder Challenged In European Parliament.

by Jerry Alatalo

William Browder’s 7-hour deposition on April 15, 2015 uncovered many disturbing facts about his narrative of events as they relate to the death of Sergei Magnitsky, for whom the Magnitsky Act was named.

he long-lasting, seemingly impenetrable, indestructible scandal of hedge fund tax cheat Bill Browder – and Magnitsky Act economic warfare legislation he’s spearheading globally – may have suffered a fatal wound. Appearing before a European Union (EU) committee in recent days, Bill Browder was one of the panelists chosen to speak to the politicians about potential Magnitsky laws becoming written and implemented for the entire European Union.

An EU parliament member from France, Nicolas Bay, pushed Browder on documentary filmmaker and director Andrei Nekrasov’s “Magnitsky Act: Behind the Scenes”, which portrays the director’s journey from first believing Browder’s story of what happened to Browder’s “lawyer” (actually, his accountant) Sergei Magnitsky – to understanding Browder is a historic-magnitude fraud.

Mr. Bay suggested there is an unresolved controversy with regard to Browder’s narrative powerfully raised in Nekrasov’s highly-censored/blacklisted documentary, and pushed Browder for an explanation of why he seems intentionally avoiding a debate with Nekrasov. Tellingly Browder, – in what is likely a preconceived or prepared, well-thought-out response anticipated before the EU discussion should “Magnitsky Act: Behind the Scenes” and/or Nekrasov have become brought up – answers Mr. Bay with allegations of Bay’s “Russian involvement” and claims that Nekrasov put out a slander film on Browder for money.

Here are comments on the video of the EU discussion, the portion featuring Browder’s rare public confrontation engagement with May, posted on YouTube at ‘Nicholas Wilson’ channel:

“Guy acts like he’s above it all, right after admitting he went out of his way to prevent another man’s film being shown anywhere in the world. “Putin” and “Russia” are only a smear among those in power. Majority of the public don’t care. The Skripal story is a joke. The dead Russian journalist turned out to be a Ukrainian lie. Russia accused of influencing US election turned out to be an insignificant number of memes.

“Meanwhile, US declares its own un-elected puppet leader of Venezuela. France encourages protests in Venezuela while shooting, gassing and finding ways to prevent its own. And the U.K. demands an immediate election while denying one to its own people despite disaster after disaster. These, bankers, liars and hypocrites need to be exposed and never forgotten until they’re in prison for their crimes which have killed people.”

(Reply) “Amen.”

*

“Thanks for posting this. Con-man Bill Browder’s engaged in scams since, at least, the 1990s when under the wing of Edmond Safra. Safra’s Republic National Bank of New York (RNBoNY) and Beny Steinmetz bankrolled Hermitage in Moscow – with Browder up-front – in 1996. Following Safra’s death in Monaco in 1999, RNBoNY’s absorbed by HSBC. The Magnitsky hoax is a geopolitical scam – undone by the source documents (corporate, court, police+ filings). “The Magnitsky Act: Behind the Scenes”, the documentary of Andrei Nekrasov and Norway’s Oscar-nominated Piraya Film AS is a brilliant expose of Browder and reveals how this scam has been furthered by politicians, bureaucrats, press+ in Europe and America. Great to see Browder, and his hoax, is unraveling.”

*

“Thanks for the Browder background J’accuse. It really is a scam of MONUMENTAL proportions; the fact that the mainstream is studiously ignoring it just showcases how bankrupt the system is.”

(Reply) “This truly is a failure of the press. Con-men do what they do. Lying comes naturally to Browder and co. What’s missing is a functioning media to act as check-and-balance. I’ve been investigating white collar / organized crime since the 1980s (see https://jaccuse.news ). The networks being used in this current hoax pre-date con-man Browder – and they’ll post-date him. I’m hopeful this year we’ll see the truth exposed to enough of a global audience that Browder himself will lose his value to the criminal and political networks for which he’s fronting at present. With even more exposure, the corrupt enterprise itself may suffer greater structural dismantling. The world will be a better, safer, place with each step to shut down this operation.’

*

“Thanks for putting this on line, so everyone can hear his vile accusations with zero evidence.”

*

“Creepy Bill Browder is starting to come unhinged. In the last few days, he told Danske bank that the French had reopened an investigation, when they had not. Danske postponed a bond sale and the markets were sent into a spin. Then, just to make himself more popular, he accused members of the British House of Lords of money laundering, which while probably true, the fact that his bank of choice HSBC, settled a tax debt from one of Browder’s companies for tens of millions of dollars. Now this rant, its possible he is going to crash and burn, in which case it won’t be Putin who pays him a visit, but he might get Novichoked, and serve a purpose if Brexit falls apart.”

*

“Who is asking Browder the question? N Bey???? Trying to find his name…”

(Reply) “French Parliamentarian Monsieur Nicolas Bay, Député européen | Co-président du @GroupeENL | Président du groupe Rassemblement National au Conseil régional de Normandie.”

*

“Great to have a European Parliament member ask this crook a question. You can see that he is unable and unwilling to ‘engage’ – anyone who has seen the film sees very clearly how Nekrasov at first thought Browder was speaking the truth, and he slowly uncovers, to his own dismay, how Browder is a liar, misrepresents facts, and organized a major heist against the Russian state. Browder was supported here by Guy Verhofstadt, a guy who in this way showed his colors fully as well as totally owned by money-laundering banks such as HSBC.”

*

To watch the shocking, extraordinary film “Magnitsky Act: Behind the Scenes” by Andrei Nekrasov, people can purchase and download at MagnitskyAct.com.

How much longer can the enormously important, global-consequence Bill Browder-Magnitsky Act scandal remain concealed and survive?

(Thank you to Nicholas Wilson at YouTube)

 

Maria Zakharova: West Launching Anti-Russia Campaign.

By Jerry Alatalo

tilizing a chart of nations with their corresponding numbers of Russian diplomats scheduled for expulsion, Russia’s Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova spoke on national television about unfortunate developments following the increasingly controversial Skripal affair in the United Kingdom.

Here is a portion of Ms. Zakharova’s comments.

“If it weren’t for these numbers, we’d be guessing where all this crazy, scary performance by London had come from, and who the real beneficiary of this situation is. At this time, after these numbers have been published today, there’s no doubt that behind this provocation that took place in the U.K. are strong, powerful forces that are located in the U.S. and in the U.K.”.

“Here’s your motive to continue attacking our country in informational, propagandist, political and other ways. There are no other theories to conclude from this situation … I think everyone knows who’s behind all this, behind this Russophobic campaign”.

“… This whole situation with these numbers and the expulsion of the diplomats has its roots in the Skripals’ situation. I personally state that during the E.U. Summit the U.K. didn’t give the countries any facts about what had happened there. There were exclusively political statements and slogans, along with demands to side with this position. Thus, besides giving their political support, these E.U. countries have no idea whatsoever about what had happened in the U.K.”.

“… Demonization of Russia is the main goal. Obviously, what we see right now is the continuance of this elaborate, long-term program for this – I hate this word – rabid Russophobia in action. This is not just an issue for Russia as a country; it’s definitely an issue for all the Russian people, because statements made by the West always say, ‘ehtnic Russian’, ‘Russian citizen’, or ‘Russia’. This is all about the total Russophobia campaign that isn’t even concealed anymore”.

(Thank you to Vesti News at YouTube)

***

Here is the May 6, 2004 article by Rob Evans referenced by Maria Zakharova, cross-posted from The Guardian archives.

The past Porton Down can’t hide

As an inquest reopens into the death of a young airman 51 years ago, Rob Evans reveals the secrets of Britain’s nerve gas tests

Tucked away in 7,000 acres of beautiful Wiltshire countryside lies one of Britain’s most infamous scientific establishments. Porton Down, founded in 1916, is the oldest chemical warfare research installation in the world. The tight secrecy which has surrounded the establishment for decades has fed the growth of all sorts of myths and rumours about its experiments. One Whitehall official once remarked that Porton had an image of “a sinister and nefarious establishment”.

The Porton experiments on humans have attracted a good deal of criticism. It is, for example, alleged that the human “guinea pigs’ – drawn from the armed forces and supposedly all volunteers – were duped into taking part in the tests. There are still concerns that the tests have damaged the long-term health of the human subjects.

This week, its work has been thrown into the spotlight once again: an inquest was reopened into the death, in May 1953, of a young airman, Ronald Maddison. He died after liquid nerve gas was dripped on to his arm by Porton scientists in an experiment. The original inquest decided that his death was accidental, but this new inquest will examine fresh evidence and decide if the verdict should stand.

But what were the scientists at Porton doing? Years after the experiments ended, did they achieve anything of scientific value? The Guardian has pieced together a comprehensive and surprising picture of the nerve gas experiments, drawn from reports of the tests uncovered at the Public Record Office and new documents obtained under the “open government” code.

From a purely scientific point of view, they produced a huge amount of data about the effects of nerve gas on the human body. This data in turn has enabled Porton to develop some of the most sophisticated defences in the world to protect Britain’s armed forces from chemical attack. Porton acknowledges that the human experiments have made a “vital contribution” to this protection. The data also helped Britain to develop its own arsenal of nerve gas before such plans were finally shelved in the late 1960s.

From 1945 to 1989, Porton exposed more than 3,400 human “guinea pigs” to nerve gas. It seems probable that Porton has tested more human subjects with nerve gas, for the longest period of time, than any other scientific establishment in the world. Two other nations have admitted testing nerve gas on humans: the American military exposed about 1,100 soldiers between 1945 and 1975, and Canada tested a small number before 1968. Other countries, including France, the old Soviet Union and Iraq, are also likely to have exposed humans to nerve gas, but very little is known about their tests.

The group of chemicals known as nerve gases were first developed as weapons by the Nazis before and during the second world war. German scientists discovered the potency of these organophosphorous compounds which, in tiny quantities, disrupt a key element of the nervous system.

Human muscles contract when a chemical, acetylcholine, is released from the nerve endings. Muscles do not exist in a permanent form of contraction because acetylecholine is destroyed in a split second by an enzyme (acetylcholinesterase), thus allowing the muscle to relax again. Nerve gases inactivate this important enzyme, and since it is prevented from working, the muscle goes into a state of spasm from which it cannot be relaxed. Victims die because the most important muscles in the body – those of the heart and the rib cage, which control the emptying and filling of the lungs – are paralysed. They suffocate swiftly in a horrifying death.

The nerve gases are more deadly than any other chemical weapon, but during the second world war, only the Germans had spotted their full potential and produced an arsenal of the munitions. As one Porton official has commented, the British and their allies were “caught with our pants down”.

As the Third Reich was collapsing in April 1945, the British discovered stocks of the gas in Germany. Within two weeks, Porton had tested the new gas on batches of human subjects, even though they did not know what the unknown compound was or how it harmed the body.

The discovery of the new weapons instantly transformed Porton, as all its previous work on other chemicals, such as mustard gas, was downgraded. Porton scientists quickly had to find out how nerve gases attacked the human body.

One of the early tests established just how little one of the nerve gases, sarin, was needed to trigger a reaction in humans. Fifty-six men were sent into gas chambers and exposed to “low concentrations” of gas. The scientists watching recorded that after 20 minutes, the men started to suffer miosis (constriction of the pupil), one of the first symptoms of nerve gas poisoning. Their vision was blurred and darkened, in some cases for up to five days.

Fourteen men were exposed to repeated doses of sarin, some when they were still experiencing the effects of the previous poisoning. Porton scientists observed: “Repeated exposures produced, after the third or fourth occasion, an aggravation of effects …”

By 1950, Porton had begun to test “considerable higher doses” of sarin on 133 men, and catalogued the severity of symptoms, such as runny noses, headaches, vomiting and eye pain.

Within two years, Porton had moved on to look at other aspects. In one study, in 1952, it wanted to see how sarin would impair the mental performance and intellectual ability of humans.

Twenty airmen were exposed to sarin and then measured to see how they performed in intelligence and aptitude tests. From this experiment, Porton inferred that after exposure, the men’s visual co-ordination was worse, but their reasoning and intellectual capability had not deteriorated. Another 12 men were exposed to stronger doses of sarin – Porton found that the men appeared “behaviourally much less disturbed than the increased concentration (of sarin) would lead one to expect”.

Maddison died during what is probably Porton’s most controversial experiment. It will be at the heart of the inquest over the coming weeks. He was one of 396 men who took part in a large experiment whose aim was to “determine the dosage of [three nerve gases] which when applied to the clothed or bare skin of men would cause incapacitation or death”.

The scientists were aiming to expose the men to sub-lethal quantities of the nerve gases and then measure how much each of the quantities was reducing the amount of cholinesterase enzymes in the body. They were trying to establish a ratio between the two figures and then extrapolate them to arrive at the lethal dose for humans. But they discovered that this theory was flawed, as there is no direct correlation.

After Maddison’s death, Porton was limited in the amount of nerve gas it could test on humans, but the trials continued.

About 300 soldiers in the mid-1950s were used to see how well they could conduct military operations after they had been attacked with nerve gas. They were gassed with relatively low levels and then sent on a mock exercise. The men performed well in daylight, but less so at night. The biggest hindrance was that they could not see very well, but the scientists believed that a “determined infantryman” could still fight on after being exposed to low amounts of nerve gas.

They speculated that during the day, “a unit of intact morale” could cope, but at night, the men would have been vulnerable because they would have been prone to panic, especially since their sight was being hampered.

The psychological effects of nerve gas were a continuing focus of experiments in the 1950s. In one set of trials, the men underwent a series of intelligence and aptitude tests after being gassed. Porton found that the men were distinctly unhappy and depressed afterwards, emotions that were combined with a “feeling of reduced mental alertness and a tendency to social withdrawal”.

In the late 1950s, Porton studied the effect of nerve gas on particular parts of the body. One study concluded that nerve gas did not impair hearing; this might have been a problem if troops could not, for instance, hear instructions or orders in the heat of the battle after a gas attack. Another looked at whether nerve gas hindered the circulation of blood through the veins in the leg; it didn’t. Another examined the impact of nerve gas on the heart, as the scientists wanted to see if particular muscles between the ribs were responsible for one of the usual nerve gas symptoms – a “tightness in the chest”.

In the later years of the programme, Porton seems to have focused on assessing the effects of nerve gas on the eyes, a crucial question because, for instance, pilots faced with reading complicated rows of instruments could be put out of action with a slightest amount of exposure to the gas.

The nerve gas programme was substantial at Porton because human testing has been an integral part of the establishment since it was founded. During the past 80 years, some 25,000 humans have been subjected to Porton’s experiments, many in trials with other chemical weapons such as mustard gas and tear gas. Others were used simply to test defensive equipment without being exposed to chemicals.

Today, Porton is devoted totally to devising defensive measures against gas attacks. But the conduct and ethical standards of tests in the past will be under unprecedented scrutiny in the inquest over the coming weeks.

Books
Chemical and Biological Defence at Porton Down 1916-2000, G B Carter, Stationery Office, £16.99

Rob Evans is the author of Gassed: British chemical warfare experiments on humans at Porton Down (House of Stratus, 2000, £20)

***