Lecture in Girona on the Universal Right of Self-Determination of Peoples

Alfred de Zayas' Human Rights Corner

NOTES FOR THE ASSESSMENT

 OF ACTIVITIES AND ALLEGATIONS

 RELATED TO THE PEACEFUL AND DEMOCRATIC EXERCISE

OF THE UNIVERSAL RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION OF PEOPLES

Introduction: The “right of self-determination of peoples”, hereinafter the “right of self-determination”, is a fundamental right protected at the highest level by the international legal order. It is enshrined in the first article of the Charter of the United Nations, the founding treaty of the Organization, and in other international legal instruments, including the UN Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It is considered “jus cogens”, that is, fundamental norm of superior hierarchical rank, standing above any contradictory legal provision which would become automatically null, in accordance with the Charter and with Article 53 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.

 

It is therefore a direct and legally binding right applicable to all United Nations Member States…

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Sergey Lavrov: Syria, Douma, Khan Sheikhoun And Skripal.

By Jerry Alatalo

“Truth is a torch, but a terrific one; therefore we all try to grasp it with closed eyes, fearing to be blinded.”

– JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE (1749-1832) German philosopher

***

ussian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov spoke in Moscow on Saturday April 14, the day after the U.S., U.K. and France launched over 100 missiles on Syria, discussing and sharing important facts regarding the attack, the Skripal event in the U.K., last year’s Khan Sheikhoun incident, and the alleged April 7 chemical incident in Douma.

Chances are likely zero that any of the relevant factual information Sergey Lavrov presented will become acknowledged, analyzed, responded to, nor otherwise mentioned by the administrations of President Donald Trump in America, Prime Minister Theresa May in Britain, President Emmanuel Macron of France, or western corporate media. …Until it becomes impossible to ignore.

The most crucial aspect of Mr. Lavrov’s statement is the stark contrast presented between his version or narrative of what occurred in the ultimately consequential events, and the narratives of Trump, May and Macron presented to justify their previous decisions along with their most recent, coordinated, arguably illegal military action.

As demonstrated for years at United Nations Security Council meetings focused on warring in Syria where often-heated discussions have featured the same widely contrasting narratives, it seems the building intensity of the Syrian crisis has reached the point of profound revealing – the culmination in a certain, decisive and historic moment – and the inevitable, world-altering identification of those speaking truth and those speaking lies.

Some might refer to or recall the phrase “separating the wheat from the chaff” to describe what is now surely and unavoidably occurring on Earth. Due to the extraordinary nature of discussions held at the 8,233rd meeting of the United Nations Security Council on April 14, 2018, it will become recorded in history books as a world milestone event.

There is no doubt conditions on Earth have developed sufficient for predicting an imminent, immense, paradigm-shifting and truly historic collision of truth and lies. For the well-being of humanity, now and for the sake of future generations – may that profoundest of collisions be a peaceful one.

***

(Thank you to RT at YouTube)

Syria’s Bashar Jaafari To World: ‘You Need To Know A Bitter Truth.’

“And we will not allow anyone, permanent member or non-permanent member, to do to us what they did to Iraq and Libya.”

United Nations Security Council – April 10, 2018

Syrian Arab Republic – Ambassador Dr. Bashar Jaafari

Thank you, Mr. President.

I will give my colleagues who are about to leave the room some of my valuable time. They are afraid that I will win them in a battle of the arguments, and they do not want to hear any opposing opinions. Those who just left the room in their statements said that today is a sad day for the non-proliferation regime. I would like to refresh their memory, and say that the violation of the non-proliferation regime is their specialty – the specialty of those Western states.

The United States of America used nuclear weapons in Japan; it’s used chemical and biological weapons in Vietnam, and enriched uranium in Iraq. France used Algerian human samples when they tested an atomic bomb in the desert of Algeria. They had actually put them in the desert against poles, and they actually tested the first atomic French bomb and Britain conducted all their nuclear tests in their colonies in the ocean, in the islands in the ocean.

And then the ambassador of Britain says that this is a sad day. English is not my mother tongue. But I know that in Douma there is no people, there are Syrian people; there is no people of Douma, there are residents. The people are the Syrian people. I would like to quote a British author apart from Marx and Lenin. I would say that Shakespeare the poet, the British poet, said one day, and I quote: ‘Lies defame you. Either be honest or be silent’. This is back-translated by the interpreter remarks.

She said that Russia does not have the authority to go to Douma and establish whether chemicals have been used in Douma or not. She said that this is not the authority of our Russian friends, who are actually on the ground. It’s not their purview to go to Douma and to actually examine the scene. This is quite strange. Why didn’t Britain say this to itself when it sent it’s intelligence to Khan Sheikhoun, and they gave themselves authority to take samples from Khan Sheikhoun. This is what they claimed.

They claimed this and the French did the same. They took samples and they took them to French and British labs, without coordination with the JIM (Joint Investigative Mechanism) or with the FFM (Fact finding mission). This is quite a paradox. They give themselves the right that they deprive others. Anyway … Britain did sign, I think two weeks ago, an agreement with the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia for the sale of weapons for a hundred billion US dollars, which is much bigger than (inaudible) deal, to continue to kill people in Yemen, and to start new wars with Syria, with Yemen … and to implicate the entire region in war that would be never-ending.

This is what Britain can do. Mahatma Gandhi … He knew the British. He knew them well. He was right when he said one day, and I quote: “If there is a fight between two fishes in the ocean, you have to know that Britain started the fight between the two fishes”. End of quote. The colleague from the United States said that there is only one monster that’s facing the entire world today in defiance.

It is the monster that financed terrorists for years in Syria. I would say this monster is the United States, Britain, and France. They sponsored terrorism in my country for seven years. Before that they did the same in Iraq and Afghanistan and in Libya. They sponsored terrorist organizations that are splinters of Taliban, ISIL, al-Nusrah Front, al Qaeda and Jaysh al-Islam … and the white helmets, which is the new invention by the British intelligence.

The monster she spoke of destroys and occupies and sends its troops everywhere in the world for thousands of miles to destabilize and to threaten international peace and security. The monster is an American monster that so far refuses to destroy its chemical arsenal. The United States has refused and continues to refuse to destroy its arsenal, but they would lecture others and give sermons on the destruction of chemical weapons.

Mr. President. My colleague from the French delegation said that he was horrified by the pictures he saw – but he wasn’t horrified by pictures of hundreds of civilians that French airplanes killed in Manbij in 2016. Two hundred civilians killed, entire families killed by the warplanes of France. The Ambassador from France did not see those pictures, and they were not a source of horror for him. The word double-standard is an understatement in itself, for those people.

Mr. President. In response to the web of lies by some Western states against my country, against the backdrop of the alleged use of chemical weapons in Douma on April 7th 2018, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and expatriates in the Syrian Arab Republic, today, on the 10th of April 2018, has sent official invitation to the OPCW (Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons) to dispatch a fact-finding mission to visit Douma and investigate the allegations, on the alleged use of chemical weapons in Douma. And … to establish the facts on these allegations.

I did inform you of this yesterday in this very chamber. The Syrian Arab Republic welcomes the visit of the FFM. And, it stands ready to fully cooperate and provide all forms of assistance for this mission undertaking its functions, and guarantees the safety of its members, and it will facilitate the interviewing/sampling in accordance with the terms of reference. We look forward to the FFM undertaking its work in transparency and professionalism and reliance on credible, tangible evidence.

And if it actually reaches the locations, it will reach a Douma that is liberated, and they would be able to have full access to any location they wish to visit.

Mr. President. The situation is quite clear. The co-sponsors of the US draft resolution do not seek the truth, because, simply, it will condemn them and their terrorist proxies on the ground. Instead of waiting for the FFM of the OPCW and establishing whether toxic chemicals were used in Douma, instead of this, they table draft resolutions that do not enjoy consensus and do not seek the truth. It just seeks to establish mechanisms that have no objectivity and pre-empts the results that support their political accusations and agenda. And they are aware that cloning the JIM would not be accepted by the states that truly seek, in this council, to establish the truth on who uses toxic chemicals against Syrian civilians.

In this regard, I reaffirm that the US, Britain and France did make the JIM a failure. And they are the ones who thwarted its work as they insisted on politicizing its work; and they did bring pressure to bear on its leadership; and they did stop being professional and credible. And they issued fabricated reports that accuse us based on open sources that include the White Helmets and false testimonies, and fabricated evidence that finds its source in terrorist groups – most important of which al-Nusrah Front and the White Helmets, which are a British-hatched media arm of al-Nusrah Front.

Mr. President. This scenario is similar to the scenario we witnessed a year ago, when the United States of America launched a wanton aggression on al Shayrat airbase based on weak arguments and pretexts that we have used chemical weapons in Khan Sheikhoun.  These were proven false when the US and its allies prevented the experts of the JIM from visiting Khan Sheikhoun, and they prevented them from taking samples from the military base we just referred to.

Things are crystal clear. The aggression of the US and its accomplices thrives across history on lying, misleading and hegemony, and on the rule of the powerful. It is a brutal approach that does not respect the rule of law and does not give weight to international diplomacy. My country Syria, for seven years and to date, is a case in point, for their appetite for lies, misleading and fallacies of the United States and Britain. In this very chamber, what they did actually to destroy Iraq under the pretext of a big lie, which is weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.

And I’m compelled this time and every time to remind you of the position of the former foreign secretary Colin Powell when he in this room, and I was there … and I was actually in the seat of the deputy PR of China, Colin Powell did showcase tapes, documents, pictures and maps that we found out later that they are fabricated by the CIA to serve the agenda of invading Iraq, which was prepared in advance at the time. And the same thing happened with Libya.

And you need to know a bitter truth. This world, throughout centuries, you have seen different areas of occupation and hegemony, and they sought to loot the wealth of the nations or occupy land or impose geopolitical agendas. However, the political immorality reached a new low as they destroyed Libya and killed its people to cover up for a case of bribery and financial corruption that implicates the head of a member state that is a permanent member state of this council, that says it upholds democracy and freedom.

And, they have imposed on oil exporting countries to pay the bills of the continued aggression and military intervention. This is an affair between those who are corrupt and have the money and those who are mercenaries and have weapons and power. Today some permanent members are launching an aggression on countries with sovereignty, just to cover up for their domestic crises and the conflict between their political elite.

Mr. President. We in Syria, after seven years of a filthy terrorist war that was imposed upon us, we believe that the choices are clear. And they are a big challenge on this council, so that the council would stand up against such lies and this political failure, failure that the US, Britain and France are trying to implicate the council in and drag it towards it. It’s your decision today, and the international public opinion, your peoples and peoples of the free world, will be your judge as you exercise your responsibilities towards upholding international legitimacy and the maintenance of international peace and security, and protecting the world against dark terrorism that is used and exploited by these three countries to undermine the stability of States and their self-determination.

I call upon you to uphold the multilateral political system and order that believes in the right of people to self-determination and rejecting political insecurity and economic hegemony. The Syrian Arab Republic reiterates its condemnation in the strongest terms of any use of chemical weapons by any party under any circumstance and everywhere. We stand ready to cooperate with the OPCW to uncover the lies promoted by some Western parties to justify their aggression, and in service of their political goals.

We can see their ships in the eastern Mediterranean and they were waiting for the veto to start their aggression. I would like to say to those Western parties – and they need to listen to me attentively. Your threat of aggression, your maneuvers, your lies, your terrorism would never derail us, as one of the founding states of this organization, from exercising our right and fulfilling our duties in accordance with our national constitution and the (UN) Charter to protect our sovereignty and territorial integrity, and to fend off any aggression from any source. And we will not allow anyone, permanent member or non-permanent member, to do to us what they did to Iraq and Libya.

Thank you, Mr. President.

(Thank you to The Syrian Mission to the United Nations)

Russia, Syria Make Powerful Case At United Nations.

“I will put another rhetorical question: For do you understand the dangerous threshold towards which you are bringing the world? One of the areas where there’s hostility where that is most stark, that is on Syria. The terrorists and extremists supported by external sponsors are enduring a defeat there. Let us recall that we are talking about those terrorists and extremists who you supplied, financed and deployed in the country to oust a legitimate government. And now it is clear why this is causing hysteria among those who invested political and material capital in these dark forces.”

Russian Federation Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia – United Nations Security Council, April 9, 2018

(Transcript)

ut unfortunately the situation is such that I will have to say a great deal today, and it will be incumbent upon you to listen to what I have to say. We are grateful to Mr. deMistura for his briefing as well as to Mr. Markram. The Russian Federation demands both for this meeting to be held on the agenda item: ‘Threats to International Peace and Security’.

Insofar as we are deeply alarmed at the fact that in a number of capitals of, above all in Washington, and those blindly following it, of London, in Paris … there was a deliberate policy undertaken to stoke international tensions. The leadership of the United States, of the United Kingdom and of France, without any justifications and without considering the consequences, have engaged in a confrontational policy against Russia and Syria, and they are prompting others to follow suit.

A broad arsenal of methods is being leveraged: slander, insults, hawkish rhetoric, blackmail, sanctions and threats to use force against a sovereign state. Russia is being unpardonably threatened. The tone with which this is being done has gone beyond the threshold of what is acceptable even during the Cold War. Such boorishness against my country is something which your predecessors did not take the liberty to undertake.

What is next?

We recall a rhetorical question which the Russian president put forward in 2015 from the United Nations General Assembly to our Western partners, above all the United States, concerning their reckless geopolitical experiments in the Middle East: Do you understand now what you have done? And the response at that time hung in the air, but there is a response: No, you do not understand – just as you fail to understand what you are doing now.

The lack of a clear strategy on any issue is appalling, not just to us. It confounds not only us. This is confounding to the majority of those seated here, but they are, have decided, not to openly put this forward to you, following you everywhere you go regardless of what you … everything you touch chaos is left behind. In the brackish waters of which you try to take out, fish, something, but only mutant fish are being taken out.

I will put another rhetorical question: For do you understand the dangerous threshold towards which you are bringing the world? One of the areas where there’s hostility where that is most stark, that is on Syria. The terrorists and extremists supported by external sponsors are enduring a defeat there. Let us recall that we are talking about those terrorists and extremists who you supplied, financed and deployed in the country to oust a legitimate government. And now it is clear why this is causing hysteria among those who invested political and material capital in these dark forces.

Recently, thanks to the efforts undertaken by Russia in line with implementation of Security Council resolutions, a large scale operation has been undertaken to lift the siege of eastern Ghouta. Its residents for a number of years were forced to endure the mockery and torture of fighters. More than 150,000 civilians were evacuated from that Damascus suburb – complete, purely voluntarily with the requisite security conditions being provided. Tens of thousands of them have already been able to return to the liberated areas, and many were met with their … many met with their relatives.

There has been no change in democratic composition which is being shouted about by supporters of the Syrian opposition has occurred – these are lies. With the leaders of armed groups there were difficult negotiations that took place. As a result many of them left the areas they had occupied with full respect for guarantees for their safety. Incidentally during these transportation operations several attempts were undertaken to stage terrorist attacks, when the militants attempted to put … to reach the buses with the (explosive) belts.

Others preferred to settle their status with the Syrian authorities … Thanks to presidential amnesty, they now will be able to return to civilian life, and subsequently it is possible they may enter the Syrian security forces. We are talking about implementation of a UN principle – demobilization, disarmament and reintegration. However, this positive dynamic is not to the liking of some. Foreign sponsors, Western countries were willing to take up any new straw just to maintain a hotbed of terrorist resistance at a striking distance from the Syrian capital.

This for the fighters to continue to terrorize ordinary civilians, to cease their food and to request from the international, to beg of the international community, that humanitarian assistance be delivered. Incidentally, they were not prepared to share medicine with ordinary civilians, as was shown in the inspection of the strongholds left behind by the fighters, as was the case in the past and eastern Aleppo, improvised hospital facilities in basements were full of medicine, which as a result of sanctions, Western sanctions, were not provided to Damascus and other government controlled areas. Also, large storage (inaudible) were found as were the bodies of the corpses of people who had been subjected to torture.

We are stunned (at) the scale of the tunnels that were being used by jihadists, and some of them … small trucks were able to freely move about. These surprising underground facilities, brought together the positions of groups who are viewed by some as moderate, and they were linked to the strongholds of jihadis. On 6 April the new head of Jaish al-Islam, following instructions of sponsors, derailed evacuation of a party of fighters from Douma, and resumed the rocket and mortar firing against the residential areas in Damascus.

According to official information – (8) eight died and (37) thirty seven civilians were wounded. Unfortunately, we failed to see statements from Western capitals condemning the shelling of a historical district of Damascus. The following day 7 April fighters accused the Syrian authorities of dropping barrel bombs with toxic substances. At the same time diversions were being mixed up. They were … it was either called sarin, at times chlorine or at times a mix of toxic substance, of gases.

Based on a well known scheme these rumors were immediately taken up by those financed by Western capitals. I’m referring to, what – on NGOs and the White Helmets, who are mendaciously acting under the cloak of health professionals. And these reports were also taken up and transferred to media outlets. It behooves us once again to state that many of these dubious opposition structures have a clear list of the email addresses of representatives of Security Council members, which shows that some of our colleagues recklessly approached, with the reckless approach towards their status, are leaking sensitive information to their proteges.

Incidentally, all should recall the way that accidentally the White Helmets put on the internet and a video – video where, which showed preparation for staging a so-called victim of an alleged attack perpetrated by the Syrian army. In 2011 the chemical serial began and this continues … to be shown to us with the calculation for each new episode to be more resonant than the one prior to it. In Washington, London and Paris, immediately conclusions were drawn pinning blame on the Syrian authorities, or, as they call it, the ‘regime’.

Has nobody put the question after themselves why does Damascus need this? There were insults against the Syrian government, however the Syrian leadership … however the main burden of responsibility was pinned on Russia and Iran, and I think that this is hardly surprising to anybody at this point. Now, this has been done based on current trends, immediately, without any investigation being conducted. On 8 April the Syrian troops sweeping through (inaudible) near Douma found a homemade … a manufacturing area of Jaish al-Islam to manufacture chemical substances artisanally.

Chlorine agents of German manufacturer and special equipment were also discovered. In Istanbul an opposition journalist (name inaudible) whose base put on his Twitter page a video allegedly from the area of the incident … This was probably from the White Helmets – an unknown individual next to a handmade bomb with a chemical of which allegedly … which allegedly struck the bedroom of a building in Douma. All of this is accompanied by comments about another attack by the regime against civilians. The staged nature of this action is something of which there’s no doubt.

The trajectory of , the alleged trajectory of the bombs is unnatural; this entered this through, fell through a roof and naturally calmly fell into a bed without damaging that bed – a wooden bed without damaging the wooden bed, clearly was placed there prior to preparation for the staging. And an interesting … There’s an interesting incident that the chemical provocation in Douma on Saturday 7 April occurred immediately after the US delegation at the Security Council received instructions to convene for today Monday 9 April, to convene expert level consultations on their draft resolution on the mechanism to investigate incidents with chemical weapons.

The initial text today has far-reaching changes and revisions. In the, under these obscure … under these obscure circumstances of course we need to get to the bottom of what is taking place. However, we need to do so in an honest, objective, impartial way without disregarding the principle of presumption of innocence, and by no means prejudging the outcome of the investigation. Despite the provocations Russian specialists continued their efforts to resolve the situation in eastern Ghouta.

In afternoon 8 April Sunday following a new agreement that was reached, the evacuation of Jaish al-Islam fighters resumed. Following the liberation of Douma from fighters, Russian specialists were sent there – a specialist on radiological, chemical and biological protection to collect evidence and information. They took soil samples which they … which show the lack of nerve agent and chlorine containing substances. And locals were … were interviewed about the cessation of resistance to the fighters. Not a single local resident confirmed the chemical attack having taken place. A local about a hospital … those, there were no reports about symptoms from a toxic substance such as chlorine.

Other medical facilities are not located in Douma; the bodies of the dead as a result of contamination were not found; medical personnel and residents have no information about their potential burial areas. Thereby the use of sarin and chlorine is not confirmed. Incidentally, the representatives of the Syrian Red Crescent refuted the statement allegedly made on their behalf on the delivery of assistance to victims of toxic gas.

I call upon those who will speak against me, slandering the regime, to proceed from the premise that there was no chemical weapons attack. Sweden drew up a draft resolution to investigate the incident. In principle, in order to conduct an investigation OPCW needs no resolution. However we are willing to consider this resolution. Today we propose that what you envisage in your project and your draft be done. Let the OPCW which through the technical … the Director-General of the Technical Secretariat Mr. (inaudible) stated a willingness to get to the bottom of what took place.

Let it immediately, tomorrow … fly to Damascus. There the Syrian authorities and Russian troops will provide conditions to travel to the area of the alleged incident for them to familiarize themselves with the situation. Incidentally, this is what President Trump and other Western leaders called upon on us to undertake. As for the possibility of a chemical attack, being a possibility, this was repeatedly warned about by the Syrians at the Russian Center for the reconciliation of opposing sides. It was stated that in order to take a film of a chemical attack – and I put this in quotes – the ‘necessary equipment has already been brought in’.

We too made the relevant statements of the Security Council. You’ve heard these warnings. You’ve heard, but deliberately ignored them insofar as they do not align with the doctrinal views of those who sleep within (inaudible), in elimination of a legitimate government in another Arabic country. Still what is not being looked into – at the fact that a significant number of chemical weapons were discovered November December 2017 in Syrian territory that had been liberated from fighters.

… (Hama) 20 one-ton containers were discovered; more than 50 munitions were found which contain toxic chemicals … (Idlib) 24 tons of toxic chemicals were discovered and this is believed to be chlorine. In the storage site 30 kilometers northeast of Damascus 140-160 millimeter caliber munitions were found; plastic canisters were found with phosphorus, with phosphorus substances and compounds in the area of a (inaudible) province … An industrial complex that was found for the synthesis of various toxic substances; 54 chemical munitions were found; with 44 chemical containers were found, and these could be used for the manufacture of toxic substances.

From the beginning of this year alone four instances were reported of fighters using toxic chemicals are from, up against positions where government troops are located in (inaudible). More than 100 Syrian troops were hospitalized at 3 March. When (inaudible) were liberated in eastern Ghouta, fighters from government troops discovered in a tunnel an underground artisanal manufacturing site to make chemical munitions of a handmade nature.

And this is far from a full list. It points, it … to the wrongdoings and abuses by the irreconcilable opposition. However, the OPCW’s experts being sent there to identify evidence is not something which we see people eager to do. We demand that OPCW verify all of those areas. Access is being … can be provided. Also, information is surfacing that at Tanf the camp American instructors … instructors have trained a number of groups of fighters to stage provocations with chemical weapons used to create a pretext for a strike.

It was clear to us that they attempt to shelter terrorists, and at the same time to punish the regime so hated by some Western capitals will sooner or later be undertaken. Speaking heads on television screens sought to repeat last year’s … last year’s chemical attack against Syria – last year’s strike. This morning there were strikes … missile strikes against the T4 Air Field in Homs province.

We are deeply troubled by such actions. Provocations in Douma echo last year’s incident in Khan Sheikhoun. The unifying moment aspect is the fact that there’s a planned nature of these attacks. Analysis of the US operations prior to and after the incident in Khan Sheikhoun in April 2017 shows that Washington, ahead of time, prepared for its operation. The US Porter and Ross naval destroyers from 4 to 7 April last year, that is, when the toxic substance was used in Khan Sheikhoun before the strike against the Shayrat airbase, were already present in the Mediterranean waters where they were engaged in planned operations.

They did not enter the ports where an exchange of munitions could have been taking place by increasing the number of cruise missiles. Inter alia 4-5 April the Porter destroyer was located southeast of Sicily and the Ross naval destroyer was in a passage from the (inaudible) naval base in the area southernmost, south of Sardinia. Later 6 April an expedited … a movement of both naval destroyers were reported in the firing positions south, what … more southwest of Cyprus. From there on 7 April they conducted a mass strike against the Shayrat airfield. At the same time the number of Tomahawk missiles that were launched, 59 units, surpassed the overall munitions aboard two naval destroyers if they had actually been engaged in the anti-missile defense operations that had been assigned to them.

And for that purpose only 48 units were necessary. Thereby, US naval vessels even prior to the chemical incident in Khan Sheikhoun entered military service at the … with strike equipment that is an increase of cruise missiles that were necessary for the anti-missile defense. And this could attest to prior planning by Washington of an act … a strike against Damascus.

The fake news on Saturday from Douma are geared inter alia towards drawing attention of society away from the Skripal case which was muddled up by London, and pulling … and throwing on Russia completely unconfirmed accusations, and with the aim of pulling solidarity to build an anti-Russian alliance. Now the English are stepping away from a transparent investigation and putting forward specific … specific responses for the questions put, and at the same time they are sweeping up their tracks.

During the Security Council meeting 5 April on the Skripal case, we cautioned that an attempt to unjustifiably place blame on us of having had a hand in the Salisbury incident was linked to the Syrian chemical dossier. Yesterday this issue saw new interesting developments. For the moment UK foreign minister Boris Johnson continues to disclose things against Russia and attempt to be witty – and here’s the following pearl.

British naval experts south of Cyprus intercepted on the day of Skripals’ poisoning … on the day of Skripals’ poisoning intercepted reports from Damascus suburbs to Moscow, and this is what Times is reporting. It contains the following sentence, the phrase: “the message has been delivered”. The parcel has been delivered and two individuals successfully left. This turns out to be part of the intelligence information provided by London to allies two hours prior to the expulsion of Russian diplomats. However, is it not clear that there’s an irrefutable link here? Is that not clear to all – Syria, Russia, Salisbury?

I will … I would (inaudible) to the British intelligence services and I will do so without charge. …Another powerful course – a step. Why not propose that novichok, which is so liked now, was received … reached Salisbury directly from Syria – by parcel, to cover up their tracks. This is complete mockery here.

Ambassador Haley very simply stated that Russia will never be a friend of the United States, and I wish to respond to that. Friendship is something which is both reciprocal and voluntary – one cannot force a friendship, and we are not particularly keen to be friends with you. We are not begging to be friends with you. What we want from you is really nothing. It’s something that is normal: civilized relations which you arrogantly refuse, disregarding elementary courtesy, basic courtesies. And you’re misguided if you think that you have friends.

You have so-called … friends of yours are only those who cannot say no to you and this is the sole criterion for friendship in your understanding. Russia has friends and unlike your selves we do not have adversaries. We do not view the world through that prism. And yes, international terrorism … that is our enemy.

However we continue to propose cooperation. This needs to be respectful, and mutual, cooperation. It needs to be geared towards resolving real – not imagined – problems. And you should be equally interested, equally as interested as we are in such cooperation. Ultimately as permanent members of the Security Council we bear the main responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.

Through the relevant channels we already conveyed to the US that armed force under mendacious pretexts against Syria, where at the request of the legitimate government of the country Russian troops have been deployed, could lead to grave repercussions. We call upon Western politicians to scale down their hawkish rhetoric, to meaningfully consider possible repercussions, and to cease the reckless spill over of threats to global security.

What military misadventures of the West bring about are well known to us if we consider the examples of Yugoslavia, Iraq and Libya. And nobody has vested you with the power to act as … act as policemen of the world, and at the same time to act both as investigators, prosecutors, judges – and executioners. We call for your return to the legal fold, to comply with the UN Charter, and to jointly tackle problems that arise rather than attempting at each step to advance your egotistical geopolitical games.

All of the energy needs to be focused on support for the political process in Syria to which end it is necessary to constructively pull the efforts of all influential players. Russia always stands ready to engage in such cooperation. To conclude Mr. President, I wish to take this opportunity to request an open briefing of the Security Council on the outcomes of the UN assessment mission in Raqqa and the situation in the (inaudible) camp.

As the members of … we see the way members of the Commission attempting to create a smokescreen around this issue, which is a result of their actions in Syria, including the operation to raze Raqqa to the ground through the bombings. No chemical provocations will detract attention from this – from what you’ve done.

Thank you.

***

Syrian Arab Republic Ambassador Dr. Bashar Jaafari addressed the Security Council after the delegations from United States, United Kingdom and France exited.

(Thank you to The Syrian Mission to the United Nations)