Upanishad: Spiritual Teaching.

by Jerry Alatalo

From “The Upanishads” (2007), translated by Eknath Easwaran, page 113-115

“Brihadaranyaka Upanishad”

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The sage Yajnavalkya to famous king Janaka:

Header4When the body and mind grow weak, the Self gathers in all the powers of life and descends with them into the heart. As prana leaves the eye, it ceases to see. “He is becoming one,” say the wise; he does not see. He is becoming one; he does not hear. He is becoming one; he no longer speaks, or tastes, or smells, or thinks, or knows.” By the light of the heart the self leaves the body by one of its gates; and when he leaves, prana follows, and with it all the vital powers of the body. He who is dying merges in consciousness, and thus consciousness accompanies him when he departs, along with the impressions of all he has done, experienced and known.

As a caterpillar, having come to the end of one blade of grass, draws itself together and reaches out for the next, so the Self, having come to the end of one life and dispelled all ignorance, gathers in his faculties and reaches out from the old body to a new.

As a goldsmith fashions an old ornament into a new and more beautiful one, so the Self, having reached the end of the last life and dispelled all ignorance, makes for himself a new, more beautiful shape, like that of the devas or other celestial beings.

The Self is indeed Brahman, but through ignorance people identify it with intellect, mind, senses, passions, and the elements of earth, water, space and fire. This is why the Self is said to consist of this and that, and appears to be everything.

As a person acts, so he becomes in life. Those who do good become good; those who do harm become bad. Good deeds make one pure; bad deeds make one impure. You are what your deep, driving desire is. As your desire is, so is your will. As your will is, so is your deed. As your deed is, so is your destiny.

We live in accordance with our deep, driving desire. It is this desire at the time of death that determines what our next life will be. We will come back to earth to work out the satisfaction of that desire.

But not those who are free from desire; they are free because all their desires have found fulfillment in the Self. They do not die like the others; but realizing Brahman, they merge in Brahman.

So it is said:

When all the desires that surge in the heart are renounced, the mortal becomes immortal. When all the knots that strangle the heart are loosened, the mortal becomes immortal, here in this very life.

As the skin of a snake is sloughed onto an anthill, so does the mortal body fall; but the Self, freed from the body, merges in Brahman, infinite life, eternal light.

Those who realize the Self enter into the peace that brings complete self-control and perfect patience. They see themselves in everyone and everyone in themselves. Evil cannot overcome them because they overcome all evil. Sin cannot consume them because they consume all sin. Free from evil, free from sin and doubt, they live in the kingdom of Brahman. Your majesty, this kingdom is yours!


Venerable One, I offer myself and my kingdom in your service.


3 thoughts on “Upanishad: Spiritual Teaching.

  1. Beautiful insight into Brahman. Self-control… patience… compassion… lovely semipermeable boundary from evil… freedom… faith… yeah, that sounds pretty good, Jerry!

    When your words are condensed, it sounds just like what Jesus taught, and I am sure, like the other great religions. Peace and love is in every faith tradition on Earth. But I guess more of us need to delve into The Peace before we can help radiate it, like a shield, onto our war torn world.


    1. JoAnn,
      How are you. The words come from the book by Mr. Easwaran that I got from a relative who took a course in Philosophy/Comparative Religions. While on vacation years ago and at the relative’s home I read the book, thought it was among the best on spirituality/consciousness I’d ever read, and she gave it to me. It is understandable that Mr. Gandhi considered the Bhagavad Gita, another sacred text of Eastern religion, “his bible”, and always had a copy with him. When “ancient” spiritual wisdom, whatever the tradition, becomes included in talks by world leaders then people will know humanity has begun traveling the good road. The ideal time for that is every moment. Thanks.

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