Bolivia’s Evo Morales Addresses U.N.: “Build A New World Without Delay.”

Posted on September 29, 2014

by Jerry Alatalo

earthblog2Bolivia’s President Evo Morales spoke at the 69th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, and delivered what arguably was one of the most powerful addresses at that global institution since its creation in 1945. Because he spoke the truth.

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“Thank you very much. Honorable President of the General Assembly to the United Nations. Brothers and sisters. Listeners around the world”.

“Mother Earth and humanity are suffering, stricken by the environmental, climate, financial, food crisis generated by a predatory humanity, capitalism, that turns human life and Mother Earth into merchandise. Today we have a historic opportunity to build a new, different world, and we must do so without delay. The post-2015 agenda must express that mandate which Mother Earth and humanity call us for”.

“We salute the proposal of the open-ended working group of the United Nations on the sustainable development goals, which incorporates the proposal of Bolivia and the peoples on the world on respect for Mother Earth and harmony with nature. This is not a simple political statement. It is a shared commitment with the entire world to change our visions of development for a more comprehensive, holistic vision. We propose to the world living well, in harmony with Mother Earth and the construction of a culture of life, complementarity, solidarity, and peace”.

“We have lost our respect for Mother Earth. Today, she is being merchandised and manipulated, causing great danger to life. Now, as at no other time, the premise that man believes himself to be the lord and master of nature is more true than ever. People, encouraged by capitalism, have turned everything into a market, including genetic manipulation and the destruction of human beings. Human and natural life and their happiness should be the very reason why any vision, tool, or focus for development exist. No vision of development makes sense if it does not respect or strengthen life”.

“Economic growth on its own does not lead to the realization of social rights and living well. The horizon of equality calls for the distribution of wealth, economic and political empowerment of the poor, the excluded, and the marginalized. It calls for strengthening communities and building societies with solidarity, not exclusive societies based on the accumulation of wealth or governed by the need to make money, avarice, and the grasping nature of the market. Together with the Group of 77 and China, I must state the fundamental importance of recovering our countries and our people’s sovereignty over our natural resources”.

“It is only through the recovery of control of natural resources that we will be able to garner greater benefits for our peoples, in particular to eliminate poverty, to invest in economic diversification, industrialization, and social programs. Each country has the right to decide on its priorities and strategies for development, but it is important for these strategies to strengthen the environmental functions and the ecosystems of Mother Earth in the framework of complementarity and mutual support between productive systems, communities, and nature. It is vital to strike a balance between the rights of Mother Earth, the right to development, the rights of indigenous peoples, and social, economic, and cultural rights – as well as the right of the poor to emerge from poverty”.

“Complementarity and mutual support are instruments to conserve Mother Earth, not commercial incentives, and on this point we differ from the followers of the so-called Green Economy. An important issue to be promoted in the framework of the post-2015 agenda is the human right to water, and the right of Mother Earth to enjoy the use of water to regenerate and reproduce life. Three billion people today live in areas or regions where the need for water, the demand for water, exceeds the available water, and this reality will worsen as years pass”.

“By 2030, the demand for water will have increased by 30%. In 2050 four billion people will suffer from critical scarcity of water in the context of climate change”.

“Brothers and sisters,    In Bolivia, in accordance with human rights, to water, and our constitution, and thanks to the national program entitled ‘My Water’, we have already reached the Millennium Development Goals, and we did so some three years before schedule.  Declaring the human right to water means that it cannot be privatized. Water is life. It cannot be the subject of profit or commerce. In the same way, to resolve major social inequalities basic services such as water, electricity, telecommunications, and basic sanitation, as well as education and health, must be human rights. We have pending work to eradicate poverty and hunger, but in order to do this we must also fight the pitiless, inhuman forces of capital and the market”.

“The omnipresent power of banks and usurers who profit from consumerism and hunger, the so-called ‘Vulture Funds’, are an expression of this. They are agents of financial exploitation who live off speculation, stealing from developing countries with impunity, taking the bread off the tables of the poor, extorting, and using the help of the legal systems of capitalism to profit. This is a cause of the financial crisis and they profited from it. We must profoundly change the exclusionary structures of financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank”.

“This measure should be part of the transformation of the world financial architecture. These organizations cannot be governed only by developed countries, which through clever financial strategies blackmail and oppress developing countries, especially the poorest. This is what we call eradicating financial colonialism in the world. There continues to be an offensive, abusive reality; the fact that out of 1.3 billion poor people over 800 million people are chronically malnourished, and also the gaps between the rich and the poor. This is due to an unequal distribution of income, but also to an unequal discriminatory access to wealth, to the means and factors to live well and basic services”.

“The increase of hungry people in the world is due without any doubt to the crisis. If there had not been a financial crisis, there would be 413 million less hungry people in the world today. It is unthinkable to eradicate hunger and poverty without changing the international financial architecture”.

“The violence of war feeds the darkest interests such as geopolitical control of the great powers and corporations, which promote conflicts in order to ensure their imperial or neocolonial interests. The economic interests of capital today promote neocolonial wars. With the cost of war spent elsewhere, humanity could overcome many of the problems facing it today such as Ebola, tuberculosis, and other diseases. We have been witness once again to the cruelty and barbarism of the genocidal actions of the government of Israel against the Palestinian civilian population. This is why we have denounced Israel for violating international humanitarian law and universal human rights”.

“We demand an investigation of the crimes committed by Israel on the Gaza Strip. The pluri-national state of Bolivia, like other Latin American countries, share a deep need that it is necessary to reiterate: the effectiveness of the United Nations resolutions calling for the end of the occupation of Palestinian territories and the building of an independent Palestinian state with the borders that existed on June 4, 1967. For this reason, we reiterate once again, the need to recognize Palestine as a full member of the United Nations”.

“As President of the G-77 and China I cannot fail to mention the important commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Group of 77. This was celebrated on June 14 and 15 of this year in Bolivia. The summit of states and heads of governments of the G-77 and China adopted a declaration entitled ‘For a New World Order To Live Well’. This ratifies the principles of unity, complementarity, and solidarity, as well as the building of a new world order which would establish a fairer, more democratic system to benefit our peoples. We hail the Bolivian alliance for the peoples of our America, and the free trade treaty of peoples”.

“Having completed 10 years of tireless work for integration of people which goes beyond the commercial benefits or trade benefits, and concentrates its efforts on promoting the values of cooperation, solidarity, and complementarity”.

“Since March of 2011, 150,000 people have died in Syria. Three million people fled as refugees to neighboring countries. Bolivia shares a belief that the future and destiny of Syria must be determined by the Syrian people itself, in full exercise of its democracy in accordance with the charter of the United Nations. Bolivia condemns and rejects the interference of the United States in Iraq, which has triggered the current crisis in Iraq. The war begun in 2003 against Iraq destabilized the entire region. It was said that Iraq had large quantities of weapons of mass destruction. This argument ended up being one of the biggest lies in the history of imperialism”.

“Based on this lie, peaceful co-existence between social, ethnic, and religious groups has been destroyed. This situation has led to a terrorist group called the Islamic State to put Iraq in a new war situation threatening the entire region. Bolivia rejects the extreme violence which this terrorist group has been enacting against civil society. We affirm with full conviction that nothing justifies fratricidal violence. The invasion of Iraq with other historical events have taught us a lesson: that wherever the United States of America intervenes, it leaves destruction, hate, misery, and death in its trail”.

“But it also leaves wealth in the hands of those who profit from wars – the transnationals of the arms industry and the oil industry. With a culture of peace, we must eradicate the extremist fanaticism and also the imperial war-mongering which the United States promotes. Faced with war, they threaten more war. The United Nations organization was created to build and promote peace, not to justify invasions and wars. To make war against war is not peace. This is a perverse formula; a formula for death and endless confrontation. We must solve the structural causes of war: marginalization, poverty, the lack of opportunity, cultural, political, and social exclusion, discrimination, inequality, the usurpation and despoilment of territory, pitiless capitalism, and the dictatorship of the interests of transnational corporations”.

“Every year we hear from President Barack Obama here discourse of war, of arrogance, and threats to the peoples of the world. This too is a discourse of extremist fanaticism”.

“The economic, commercial, and financial blockade of the government of the United States against Cuba is a main tool, the main policy tool of the United States. The blockade against Cuba is a system of the most unfair, severe, and prolonged unilateral sanctions that has ever been applied. This blockade is genocide; it must come to an end immediately”.

“We want to express to this assembly the historic right of the Bolivian people on access to the sea. This right was trampled by a brutal invasion promoted by colonial business interests. Colonial imposition, the lack of truly participatory democracy, in the interests of foreign companies were interposed between the peoples of Bolivia and Chile. These kindred peoples were led to war in order to allow transnational companies to make profit. For this reason, with the conviction of a country which believes in peace and promotes it, convinced of the harmony of our relations with all our neighbors, we turn to the International Court of Justice in search of dialogue in order to achieve a peaceful solution in good faith to the prolonged dispute on our sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean”.

“Our case is not an attempt to change the international order of borders and frontiers, and it is not a threat to international treaties as the government of Chile would have some believe. Quite the contrary. Bolivia calls on international law and its principles to resolve in a concerted fashion and in good faith its sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean. We will do well for our peoples, for our new generations, for the region, and for the world, if we achieve an effective peaceful solution for the sovereign access of Bolivia to the sea. For this reason I call on all countries of the United Nations system at the 69th Assembly to support not only Bolivia but also our neighbor Chile in this challenge for peace, justice, and law”.

“Brothers and sisters,    We must eradicate violence and war. We must denounce the imperialist war-mongering of world powers who arrogantly believe that they incarnate the ideals of liberty. Those imperial powers, using their media to manipulate the wills and emotions of people, they lie and deceive with impunity. They divide and confront nations and communities against each other to promote wars, to control strategic resources, and put them at the service of their transnational capital. This is the century of peace – peace with sovereignty – with freedom of peoples and not with a free market. This is a century of the agreements for liberty, for life and peace, and not agreements for free trade in life”.

“There will be no harmony if the arrogance of empires and their renewed colonialism harass, suppress, and kill human beings, cultures, and the peoples of the world”.

“Brothers and sisters,     The empire of finance, the empire of markets, the empire of the arms industry, must all fall to give way to the wisdom of life, and life in peace and harmony”.

“Just to summarize, with the greatest respect for all of you, I would like to say that if you want to put an end to poverty, if you want to defend life and the Mother Earth – our only path is to put an end to the capitalist system and imperialist thinking – for the well-being of humanity”.

“Thank you very much”.

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Venezuela’s President Maduro Says: “Build New UN For Total Peace, New World.”

 

Posted on September 28, 2014

by Jerry Alatalo

World Map1People can speculate about why, but it is difficult to find speeches from leaders in Latin America with English translation. The original intent for this post was to include the words spoken by Argentine President Cristina Kirchner at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) chaired by Barack Obama. Unfortunately, such a translation has yet to become found. If anyone reading could provide a link to video or transcript/Ms. Kirchner’s English version at the Obama-chaired UNSC meeting, it would be appreciated. The same request would apply for Bolivian President Evo Morales’ address to the UN General Assembly. Thanks.

Although an English video/transcript of Ms. Kirchner/Mr. Morales weren’t available, the address by Venezuela President Nicolas Maduro to the General Assembly was found with English subtitles. In passing, Mr. Maduro’s English-version interviews and speeches are particularly hard to find, causing one to wonder if there is an effort to keep his views out of the American public’s minds. As the Venezuelan President notes in his UNGA address, his country is where the world’s largest oil reserves are found. Historically, leaders of nations where substantial energy resources are found seem to come up against troubles and difficulties with running their governments, or getting their messages out to the world. Can anyone say “Middle East”?

All of the meetings and addresses at the UN are accessed at http://www.un.org 

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What follows is a partial transcript of Nicolas Maduro’s address at the 69th Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly then a video with English subtitles of the entire speech.

“The UN is a historic experience for humanity. Never before has humanity had a meeting place to talk about peace; to work on solutions to conflict, never before, in 7,000 years of known civilization. If we look at the history of humanity there are stories of the imperialists and the fights between them for resources and territories. It is only with the creation of this system in 1945, when, looking towards the future a light shined in the distance at the end of a long tunnel. A tunnel of wars, of battles, of conflicts”.

“We believe the UN is important, regardless of any criticism there is. We believe this organization has great human importance; we insist that it requires a profound transformation. As Commander Hugo Chavez says, here in this very spot, in his famous speeches to defend human causes, there is a need for a democratic and profound re-foundation. And as Jacob Zuma from South Africa said, there is a need to democratize. Our sister Africa, there is a need to re-found the UN Security Council, to expand the roles of the regions, we are in a different world from 1945”.

“If the UN was born to process the issues of post-war reconstruction and the issues of new conflicts, today the UN must adjust to a multi-polar world. A pluri-polar, multi-centered world, with new actors, with countries and regions that are emerging, that have their own voice and thought that aspire to be respected in this world. The UN must adapt its organizations and submit itself to general sovereignty, to the people of the world who demand that their voice count, that their voice be respected and heard. We have heard this among the voices of those who have spoken on the 69th session of the General Assembly”.

“We believe in strengthening the figure of the Secretary General as has been spoken many times. It strengthens the institutional figure of the General Secretary who represents us all; a Secretary General who knows how to listen to all, and who looks for ways to make peace and avoid conflict in the world. We believe in the necessity of re-configuring the General Assembly system, in order to democratize it and give it a stronger role that would allow this great debate here in the GA to play a role in decision-making”.

“That is why we believe in the necessity of building a new UN for peace, for a new world. Where there are no empires who wish to go back to a unipolar world. This is urgent for the world, beyond what the officials and governments here think. There is another world where we can all talk, think, and decide. Decide on our countries’ destiny, on peace; there’s a new regionalism that has come up. At the end of the 40s, 50s, the European Union was formed. That was an experience of new regionalism in Europe. Today it is admired around the world. In the 70s and 80s, the African Union was formed, an extraordinary system of organization by our sister Africa to promote developments and life, in one of the most marginalized parts of the world, Mother Africa”.

“At the outset of the 21st century Latin America is also playing its part; new organizations have been formed in Latin America”.

“… same with PetroCaribe, our brothers in PetroCaribe, 18 nations; it is one of the – and pardon my lack of modesty – it is one of the best examples of a new world of peace, justice, and solidarity; of cooperation and complementarity. To the powerful of the world, to those who manage capital, to those who manage economic power: to them I say another world is possible and we are demonstrating that in our America. The organization of South American states – UNASUR. The new regionalism in the South founded April 17, 2007 with the new leadership of Latin America, our Commander Hugo Chavez was there, today UNASUR is a bloc”.

“… very interesting, very important, which is beginning to articulate with the rest of the world. Recently, there was a very interesting meeting that will impact over the coming years between the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa), with new mechanisms for development, and UNASUR in Brasilia. We decided to share experience between the BRICS bank which had just been announced, and the new Bank of the South, the new financial infrastructure from this emerging world, from new regionalisms. Latin America is incorporating itself in new regionalisms with enthusiasm. Based on the experience, there are new ways to establish a roadmap for re-foundation of the UN”.

“It shouldn’t remain an abstraction”.

“Here in New York there is a general push towards the re-foundation of the UN. We must find the path, build a roadmap together. That’s what humanity needs to take on the big issues we are obliged to face”.

“Ms. President,    The UN during 22 years has voted with record assistance for a cause that is the cause not only of our America, but also the cause for the governments and peoples of this world. This is the rejection of the economic blockade against our brother Republic of Cuba. It is an anachronism of the Cold War. … President Barack Obama, when will you lift the blockade and end the persecution against our brother Cuba?”

“… The Vulture Funds are very dangerous”. Here Nicolas Maduro expresses Venezuela’s solidarity with Argentina, who has faced legal attack from a so-called “Vulture Fund” controlled by American billionaire Paul Singer.

“… Oscar Lopez Rivera, the oldest political prisoner in the world, is in a United States prison, and we demand his immediate liberation. Oscar Lopez Rivero, his only crime was to fight for the independence of his homeland (Puerto Rico)”.

“Venezuela is in the process of a popular, democratic revolution”. In 1999, the Venezuelan people publicly debated a new constitution, then voted for the version that offered the people their best democratic opportunity. In the fifteen years since then, the percentage of Venezuelans with access to education has risen to 90%, with free public study at the primary, secondary, and university levels, and the country’s unemployment rate has been reduced from over 20% in 1999 to 5.5% today.

After noting that Venezuela has the largest proven oil reserves in the world, Nicolas Maduro said, “Venezuela has had to live through permanent threats and conspiracies by imperial forces and their allies who have tried again and again to suffocate democracy. They are responsible for a coup d’état against Commander Chavez. Then, after he left us on March 5, 2013, the same forces started trying to damage our country again. I thank the governments of the world for their solidarity. Solidarity with Venezuela in resistance and struggle. They couldn’t move in against Commander Chavez and they won’t with us. Venezuela will continue on its path of democracy, revolution, and independence; of dignity, and in our own voice we will face the world”.

“… If this world and the UN had a little more of a human side, we would all be concentrated. Instead of sending drones and bombs to destroy Gaza, or to bomb the people of Iraq and Syria, we should be concentrated on using our force against this (Ebola) virus”.

“As I mentioned yesterday from a poem from indigenous people in South America, ‘…once they have poisoned all the rivers and lakes, after there is no longer a single fish in the sea, then the powerful of the world will have to eat money’. … Climate change is an emergency, it’s not about speeches and documents and general proposals”.   

“We must recuperate the quality of the rational humanity in our organization (UN) and put our common problems on the top of the agenda – the problems that affect us all”.

Terrorism

“I ask: how much does it hurt when western journalists are killed? A lot. The methods of these groups are repugnant. But it also hurts when boys and girls from a school in Syria are captured, and dismembered – as were women in mosques. It hurts us, or does human life have greater value if it is from a particular country and of a particular color? … Loss of human life hurts, that is why we have condemned terrorist attacks carried out by NATO and its allies against Syria in the name of regime change – and I say this openly before you”.

“We say it with the force of Bolivar and Chavez in our hearts, if the Syrian government had been taken down by those terrible attacks, today the entire region of Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, and Jordan, today those terrorist groups would have taken state power. It hurts but we have to say it, President Bashar Al Assad and the democratic government of Syria are the ones who have held back the terrorists, and they have suffered for it, thousands of dead. We think instead of bombing in a demented logic, we must make an alliance of peace against terrorism, respecting the sovereignty of nations, respecting the sovereign governments of that entire region. I would like the US to take note of that and relay the message to President Obama”.

“Only an alliance that respects the sovereignty of those nations and their governments and armed forces can overcome this terrorist scourge that has risen up like a monster, supported by the West itself. There will be no way of destroying them with bombs. Those bombs primarily kill the innocent, not armed groups. We must bring together the sovereign governments of Iran, Iraq, Syria, of Lebanon, of Jordan, of Egypt and of the region and establish a strategy. A political, military, cultural, and communications strategy, together with the UN Security Council”.

“The rest is crazy, it’s demented, think back to what the President of Chad said about Libya. They have promoted hate, promoted anti-Gaddafi sentiment, and what is happening there today? Today it is a territory for trafficking in explosives, in weapons, in armed groups of terrorists who control sections and who have destroyed the beautiful history of Libya. It is a demented path to violence. More violence, more terror, a less secure world. It has gotten out of the hands of those who direct this organization and who make decisions”.

“We are on time, us, we bring our voice, our proposal, with modesty, with love. Just as we have expressed , and will continue to express, our solidarity with Palestine… To the people of Palestine who recently suffered a brutal attack. Our organization (UN) should be re-founded to work together for total peace. It’s not the threat of or war, or conspiracies to overthrow the government like mine which will bring lasting peace. No. Rather it is respect for international law. That is what will bring peace and security”.

“We humbly hope to play a role in animating, in starting a process of re-foundation of the UN. The process of creating an agenda of world priorities where we all have a voice, we all have a vote, where no one imposes their will. In one year the delegations of the world will be welcomed to Caracas. To a historic summit of non-aligned countries. We will wait for you there. Thanks, Ms. President and to all present. May God bless us and allow us to continue to bring peace to our people”.

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(Thank you to sucreranda Hugo Chavez Venezuela at YouTube)